All of us (including myself) have presuppositions.
I have had many of my presuppositions exploded but I suspect that there are plenty more.
Let's begin with presuppositions regarding time. Because your post contains such.
Was time created or is time eternal?
This is the Greek text from 2 Timothy 1:9:
τοῦ σώσαντος ἡμᾶς καὶ καλέσαντος κλήσει ἁγίᾳ οὐ κατὰ τὰ ἔργα ἡμῶν ἀλλὰ κατ᾽ ἰδίαν πρόθεσιν καὶ χάριν τὴν δοθεῖσαν ἡμῖν ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ πρὸ χρόνων αἰωνίων
The next to the last word is χρόνων. That is the greek word "chronos" which means time. This text refers something which which was given to Christians in Christ Jesus before time began. That indicates that time is not eternal. There is another passage which also states that chronos "time" is not eternal, that is Titus 1:2
Because time is something which God created, God existed before time and is not limited by nor ruled by time.
You and I perceive only 1 moment. We remember the past but we can know longer observe it except in memory and we are blind to the future. We dwell within time and are both limited and ruled by it. God is not.
God perceives all of time for He dwells in eternity. Isaiah 57:15
Good and evil in the Hebrew language do not mean "right and wrong." A tornado is "evil" in the Hebrew language because it is detrimental or calamitous. One scholar suggests "function and malfunction". I usually go with beneficial and detrimental.
The tree which they were forbidden did not serve as a substitute for God's word. "Right and Wrong" can only be known through revelation but just as a dog can be trained through positive and negative reinforcement, a human can come to the realization that if I do X then A is sure to happen, but if I don't do X then A might not happen.
Yet God had not given Adam and Eve the capacity to anticipate consequences. My late wife's sister was born mentally challenged. She does not understand cause and effect. When asked about past events, she has difficulty with sequencing, especially if more than two events are referenced. "Between" is a very difficult concept for her.
Why would God do this?
Your post contains the presupposition that knowledge which is acquirable through either the five senses or through intutition is just as valuable as knowledge which is acquired through what we are told.
Yet this is antithetical to the teaching of the Bible.
The Bible teaches that all of the knowledge which man can acquire without God's word is both ephemeral and confined to the physical universe which had a beginning and which will come to an end.
The Bible also teaches that God predetermined before the foundation of the world that mankind would not be able to acquire that knowledge which transcends the physical and which is eternal except through God's word.
Although these passages should be read in their larger context, yet for conciseness sake, I am going to extract passages from 1 Corinthians 1:17-2:16
1:21 For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe.
1:27-29 but God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty; and base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are: that no flesh should glory in his presence.
2:6-10 Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought: but we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world unto our glory: which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory. But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.
2:12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we
might know the things that are freely given to us of God.
If you mean by that "inherited guilt" or "inherited depravity" that was invented by Augustine the philosopher and is not taught by the Bible.
Sin is something which each person commits, it is not something which we inherit.
Regarding the adversary: If God did not create moral robots which could not choose that which contradicted God then God is responsible for the choices of those who contradict Him.
The adversary has freedom of choice because he is not a moral robot just as you have freedom of choice because you are not a moral robot.
What "glory" is there in something which cannot choose to do anything except fwhat it was created to do. A functional table with no artistic design which does not collapse has no choice but it also has no personality, no character, no individuality. It is simply an extension of its maker's capacities, a tool and nothing more.
If you were to make one vessel to be a mop bucket, another vessel to be a chamber pot and a third vessel to be a soup tureen, would these three things then have the right to argue with you over why you made them the way that you did?
Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as the potter’s clay:
for shall the work say of him that made it, He made me not?
or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, He had no understanding?
Those things which the adversary said to Eve were said about their mutual maker. Was Edison wrong when he threw away the bulbs that did not function in the way that he had envisioned and electrical light would function?
Testing an invention is bad.
We are God's invention. He invented us for a purpose. He has the right to test us in order that we might fulfill our purpose or fail to do so. (That may sound to you as if I am contradicting what I wrote previously about time, but it is not a contradiction. The existence of the test is like practicing a skill. A pianist does not become skilled without practice. A football player does not become professional without practice. The exercise of the spiritual muscles of the one who trusts God makes that person stronger: "Those who by reason of use have their senses exercised" is a phrase found in Hebrews 5:14. We are also told to exercise ourselves toward godliness in 1 Timothy 4:7
Exercise requires resistance. Whether it be the resistance of weights, of kinetic pressure or of some other resistance, exercise requires resistance.
In order for the followers of God to become strong and mature, they must endure and persevere through tribulations which both test their faith and which also permit them to exercise their spiritual mettle. But what happens to someone who gives up in the middle of the struggle? Does he achieve that for which the training was designed? No. Thus it is also with the person who begins to doubt during the tribulation which is intended to help him grow and mature.
My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience. But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing. If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him. But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed. For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord. A double minded man is unstable in all his ways. James 1:2-8
If a teenager goes to a training camp that he knows lasts 14 days and decides to quit on the fifth day, he is a double-minded person. If we ask God to make us stronger and are unwilling to endure the training then we are just like thaat person.
Adversity is not intended to destroy us but to give us an opportunity to exercise and become strengthened through our resistance of that which we are exercizing against.
I may not have answered all your questions, but I've been typing for quite awhile and I have an appointment in less than two hours for which I need to prepare. If there is any part of what I have written that you desire to discuss further or if there is something which you brought up in the original post with which I have not dealt, please feel welcome to post a follow up to this posting.
I hope that nothing I have written sounded as if I was being personal, I intended only to discuss the subjects introduced. I also hope that you are not offended by the word "presupposition" because all humans have presuppositions.