I was fascinated to learn the history of Etna Tool & Die at 42 Bond Street, a building that I walk by fairly often on Bond Street on my way from point A to point B.

Bond Street is a charming street lined with restaurants (Fish Cheeks, anyone?), shops like Dashwood Books, boutiques like lululemon's lab - and quite a few high-end condominium buildings.

While the street may still be paved with cobblestone, the neighborhood has transformed from its light industry since the founding of Etna Tool & Die back in 1945 by James Galuppo.

From the NYTimes article on the legacy of Etna Tool & Die:

From 1945 to 2017, the business was a force for manufacturing and
product design in architecture, interior decoration, film, museums,
restaurants, city infrastructure, and an array of other facets of life
in New York. A study of its dies, molds, and copious thingamajigs
provides a behind-the-scenes view of everyday habits and beloved
monuments in the city.

Etna Tool & Die did everything from manufacture flowers for the American Natural History Museum to the parts needed for tattoo machines to public housing door pieces to motorcycle parts for the Hells Angels. They created custom parts that were used by other architects and builders. And people still visit today:

Two of the machinists who worked at the shop, Juan Familia, 51, and Zhi
Fen Liang, who estimated his age as “70-something,” continue to visit,
still punching in and punching out their timecards using the old time
clock. Both learned English through working at Etna.

James Galuppo passed away in December 2018, leaving the Etna Tool & Die building at 42 Bond Street to his daughter, Flavia Galuppo. She's made a commitment to preserve the structure and respect her father's love for the neighborhood and legacy, even though it's costing her millions upon millions of dollars.

“I want to protect her for him,” Ms. Galuppo said, attributing a gender
to her building like an old sea captain discussing a ship. “She’s also a
member of the family, who’s withstood a lot of history and seen many

It's so moving to hear this story of a city that has changed so much and of a promise being honored.