@Shewmaker, thanks for that research! The illustration is from a book published in 1824, Zoological researches in Java.
Here is an excerpt from the author's description of Mus Setifer:
"Several points of agreement between the Mus setifer and the Mus decumanus, or Brown Rat, have already been enumerated: in my comparisons with other species of this genus, I have had the assistance only of figures and descriptions. Besides the peculiar rough and bristly character of its hair, our animal differs from the Brown Rat in the extraordinary size of its ears, in the strength of its front teeth, in the comparative nakedness of the tail, and in several minuter particulars in its form and proportions, which, although not easily expressed by words, become obvious by comparison."