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    • when I visited cahir castle a couple of years ago, the tour guide told us that the stairs in the castle are designed so that the attacker climbs up the stairs in a clockwise direction.

      Majority of people are right handed and climbing in this direction puts his sword hand to the wall side of the stairs.

      The defender, also right handed, is free to swing his sword

      The steps in the stairs are also deliberately uneven in height to hamper an attacker.

      Photo of castle from google

    • What? That makes so much sense. Every time I visit a place with castles like that I can't fathom who the guys were who were willing to be on the front of the line charging the castle. Aren't there arrows raining down and boiling oil being poured over the side?

      What exactly is the strategy? Sacrifice the guys in the front so some later ones can get through? I guess I could ask the same question about battles in fields. It's just so hard to imagine.

    • I don’t know how they motivated troops in

      Medieval times but during the napoleonic war in Spain and Portugal the English army promised the first group of troops who went into the breach of a fortress, made by their cannons, instant promotion- if they survived

      They were called the folorn hope and majority were killed in the assault.

      But the lure of promotion meant that there we’re always volunteers

    • Irish place names / names of cities and counties are anglasised versions of the original Gaelic names.

      Glendalough is gleann dha locha which translates as the Glenn of two lakes.