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    • Then on a message forum someone suggested I try orthotics. The issue, they said, is my achilles was bending laterally as I ran because my ankles turn in. Orthotics would restore them to the neutral position — mostly straight.

      One of my ankles turns out, not in. It was causing hip pain and back issues when I hiked more than four miles. I’m now more mindful of turning in during the beginning of a trail hike, but after a couple hours I can get distracted and suffer the consequences. Definitely will check out that option. Helpful tip!

    • I’m late to this conversation, but will add what I can.

      I can’t say I’ve had anything as serious as @Vilen and others. I did half ironmans for a while and would always get the nagging hamstring or groin strain here and there.

      But the worst injury I’ve had in my adulthood was an ankle injury. I played on a recreational hardball team (baseball) in Oakland and one day was running for a ball and completely folded my ankle over. But not the typical way. Most roll their ankle and tear on the outside. I did it the other way, so the tear as on the inside of the ankle.

      It didn’t need surgery (unless I wanted it), and so I embarked on the months long physical therapy schedule.

      I couldn’t run but in a straight line for almost 8 months. Any change in direction, or variance in the terrain would aggravate it. It took an entire year and a half before I was back to 100%.

      Ankle sprains are the worst!

    • Do you mean your toe turns out, as in being duck-footed as opposed to pigeon-toed?

      What I was referring to has to do with being bow-legged versus having knock knees. The key is having the center of the knee mass travel directly over the center of the foot mass.

      Bow legs is a very big risk factor because the shock-absorbing spring that is your arch doesn’t compress and absorb shock, so the shock gets fully transmitted to the knee, hips and spine.

      Not only that, if the knee is either inside or outside the foot mass, it takes side-to-side force, which the knee is not designed to take.

    • I’m not sure of the technical terminology, but my right foot tends to point more to the right than straight when 🚶 . Since this was pointed out to me on a day of hiking, I’ve been mindful to turn my right foot in when exercising or hiking. It’s not a perfect solution: I often forget after awhile of hiking or at the end of the day when my brain is mush. That’s why having orthotics make the correction for me sounds promising. Or did I misunderstand you?

    • It’s like alignment on a car. In car terms it’s toe in and toe out, which refers to whether the wheels are pointed straight ahead and parallel to each other. That’s what I think you have, some toe out. Orthotics won’t affect that.

      Camber is whether the wheel is vertical. If it’s not, your tires wear out on the inside or outside. They use so-called shims to fix camber.

      Orthotics are like those shims They fix the vertical alignment of your ankle.

    • Well, that’s good to know that orthotics won’t be of much help. I can say that there’s been a huge improvement from a year ago since I’ve adjusted my walking mechanics. Hoping to do some hiking in Arizona next month so we’ll see how many miles I can get in comfortably each day.